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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

NASA was established in 1958, succeeding the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The new agency was to have a distinctly civilian orientation, encouraging peaceful applications in space science. Since its establishment, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, the Space Launch System and Commercial Crew vehicles. The agency is also responsible for the Launch Services Program which provides oversight of launch operations and countdown management for unmanned NASA launches.

NASA science is focused on better understanding Earth through the Earth Observing System; advancing heliophysics through the efforts of the Science Mission Directorate's Heliophysics Research Program; exploring bodies throughout the Solar System with advanced robotic spacecraft missions such as New Horizons; and researching astrophysics topics, such as the Big Bang, through the Great Observatories and associated programs.[1] 

Flag of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration.svg
NASA is the agency of the United States government that is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and research.

Significance Edit

NASA scientists, former astronauts and secret government files all point to the conclusion that there has been contact with extraterrestrial life in the past. – The NASA Connection (Se4 Ep5)

For nearly 40 years, probes have been sending information about Mars back to scientists here on Earth. Photographs of the mysterious planet reveal mountain-like formations known as Twin Peaks and a strange, humanoid face carved into Martian rock. Has NASA found definitive signs of life on Mars that they’re intentionally keeping from the public? – Aliens and the Red Planet (Se7 Ep5)

Von Braun’s bold predictions that we would explore Mars and build a space station have become reality. But how is it that von Braun–whose contemporaries included such scientific geniuses as Nikola Tesla, Robert Oppenheimer, and Albert Einstein–was so far ahead of everyone when it came to rocketry? Did he have secret information collected by the Nazi party during WWII–or access to advanced technology recovered from the alleged UFO crash in Roswell, New Mexico in 1947? – NASA's Secret Agenda (Se10 Ep2)

The latest NASA research has revealed that not only is there evidence of liquid water on the planet, but that life on Earth was most likely seeded on Mars. Ancient Astronaut theorists even suggest that the development of life on Earth may have similarities to how scientists are currently planning to keep humans alive on the red planet. – Destination Mars (Se11 Ep2)

It was mankind’s finest hour, the greatest technological achievement of the 20th Century–the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon. But the Apollo program was short-lived, and after Apollo 17 in 1972, we never went back. Could it be that we encountered something–or someone–on the Moon? Did the Apollo astronauts witness more than NASA wants us to know? The Moon is the most visible celestial body in the night sky and is essential to life on Earth. But what if the Moon is not the natural object we believe it to be? Unidentified lunar objects in NASA photography may point to extraterrestrial structures on the moon, and possibly evidence of what lies beneath the surface. – Space Station Moon (Se11 Ep11)

In 2002, a major computer hack into Pentagon and NASA computers appears to reveal hard evidence that not only are the Majestic Twelve documents real, but that the government's interaction with extraterrestrials has led to the creation of a secret space program, that has already established bases on the moon, Mars, and other celestial bodies. – The Majestic Twelve (Se12 Ep9)

American astronauts have also implicated the US government in cover-ups.  NASA is suspected of keeping parts of their missions secret.  April 12, 1961, The Vostok 1 rocket carries Soviet cosmonaut,  Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, and kicks off the Soviet - US space race.  NASA's Project Mercury program puts six astronauts into space.  During the sixth mission, Gordon Cooper reports a green glowing object quickly approaching his capsule.  NASA refuses any questions about the incident.  Cooper broke NASA protocol, and talked publicly about his UFO sighting.  June 1965, Gemini 4 astronaut James McDivitt reported seeing a metallic object orbiting alongside his spacecraft.  McDivitt's report and many other astronaut UFO reports have been silenced. – The UFO Conspiracy (Se13 Ep1)

The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, and started the space race.  The U.S. government created NASA with the objective of sending a man to the moon by 1969.  NASA commissioned a study on "The implications of a discovery of extraterrestrial life", known as the Brookings Report.  The implications of the discovery of extraterrestrial life would affect all levels of society.  The Brookings Report advised slowly releasing information so as to acclimate people to the idea of extraterrestrials.  Immediate disclosure would result in mass chaos and panic.  The Brookings Report is evidence that the U.S. government has secret, classified protocols for extraterrestrial contact. – The Alien Protocols (Se13 Ep3)

In 1998 NASA's Mars Global Surveyor satellite photographed a 279 foot long monolith on Phobos.  Ancient Astronaut theorists connect the photo to the Russian findings and theorize that extraterrestrials are guarding Phobos. – Russia Declassified (Se13 Ep11)

NASA announces an initiative called RAMA (Reconstituting Asteroids for Mechanical Automata), to re-purpose asteroids, turning them into probes for space exploration.  Because rockets are expensive to launch from Earth, the plan for RAMA is to send small robots to asteroids, process the raw materials from space to build a spaceship for space travel. – They Came From the Sky (Se13 Ep12)

NASA engineers Steve Chien and Kiri Wagstaff publish a paper theorizing that astronauts travelling beyond Mars will be replaced by artificially intelligent robots.  The hazards of space are more easily handled by machines than humans, so the future of space exploration is with machines.  AI-led missions have been a reality since 1998, when NASA sent the Deep Space 1 probe to explore and autonomously navigate the asteroid belt using a system called Auto-Nav.  The Mars Rover is an example of an autonomous land robot. – The Artificial Human (Se13 Ep13)

NASA Space Flight Programs Edit

Manned programs Edit

  • X-15 rocket plane (1959–1968)
  • Project Mercury (1958–1963)
  • Project Gemini (1961–1966)
  • Apollo program (1961–1972)
  • Skylab (1965–1979)
  • Apollo–Soyuz Test Project (1972–1975)
  • Space Shuttle program (1972–2011)
  • International Space Station (1993–present)
  • Commercial programs (2006–present)
  • Beyond Low Earth Orbit program (2010–2017)

Unmanned programs Edit

  • Explorer program (1958-)
  • Pioneer program (1958–1978)
  • Project Echo (1960–1964)
  • Ranger program (1961–1965)
  • Telstar (1962–1963, commercial project with NASA contribution)
  • Mariner program (1962–1973)
  • Lunar Orbiter program (1966–1967)
  • Surveyor program (1966–1968)
  • Helios probes (1974–1976)
  • Viking program (1975)
  • Voyager program (1977)
  • High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 (1977)
  • Solar Maximum Mission (1980)
  • Infrared Astronomical Satellite, IRAS (1983)
  • Magellan probe (1989)
  • Galileo probe (1989)
  • Hubble Space Telescope (1990)
  • Ulysses (1990)
  • Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite, UARS (1991)
  • Discovery Program (1992–present)
  • Clementine (1994)
  • Mars Global Surveyor (1996)
  • Cassini–Huygens (1997)
  • Earth Observing System (1997–present)
  • New Millennium Program (1998–2006)
  • Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (2002)
  • Mars Exploration Rovers (2003)
  • MESSENGER (2004)
  • New Frontiers program (2006–present)
  • Mars Scout Program (2007–2008)
  • Dawn (2007)
  • Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (2009)
  • Mars Science Laboratory (2011)

NASA Personnel Edit

  • Buzz Aldrin - NASA Astronaut, Apollo 11 Moon Landing
  • Neil Armstrong - Astronaut (archive footage)
  • Michael Collins - Astronaut (archive footage)
  • Gordon Cooper - Astronaut
  • JoAnn Donaldson - Former Bio-Medical Research Engineer, NASA
  • Robert H. Frisbee, Ph.D. - Propulsion Systems Engineer NASA-JPL, Ret.
  • Jim Green, Ph.D. - Chief Scientist, NASA
  • Gil Levin Ph.D. - NASA / Viking Scientist
  • Rosaly Lopes, Ph.D. - Volcanologist , NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • Greg Matloff Ph.D. - NASA Consultant
  • Edgar D. Mitchell - Nasa Astronaut, Apollo 14
  • Marc Rayman, Ph. D. - Engineer, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • Ellen Stofan - NASA Chief Scientist (archive footage)
  • Simon P. Worden - NASA Ames Center Director

Episode Appearances Edit

External Pages Edit

SourcesEdit

  1. "NASA". Wikipedia.  Retrieved Wednesday, November 28, 2018.